People from all walks of life can suffer from addiction, often without realising it. A work hard, play hard culture can help turn habit into dependency. But addiction is treatable and there are many ways business owners can support those affected.
Life is stressful, and people will behave in certain ways to manage their stress, says Dr Charlie Orton, Chief Executive of not-for-profit SMART Recovery, whose mission is to empower individuals to gain independence from addictive behaviour and lead fulfilling and balanced lives.
Whether it’s drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, gambling, food, shopping or gaming, people tend to reach out to one or more of these things to alleviate stress.
“Stress doesn’t have to be rooted in previous trauma. It can be a single activating event in your life, like a redundancy, a demotion, a difficult appraisal, or an intimidating relationship at work,” says Charlie. “At SMART Recovery we’re trying to normalise the conversation as much as possible. To help reduce the stigma and the myths surrounding addiction, and help people realise someone might be high performing or in a senior role in business and still be enacting behaviours that may not be very healthy for them or their loved ones.”
SMART Recovery views addiction as a set of learned behaviours to alleviate uncomfortable feelings. You could have an issue if your behaviour is affecting:
SMART Recovery specialists get asked this question a lot: when do things become an addiction? If your behaviour is causing issues or harm, it may be time to take a step back, think about it, and then decide you want to change or to stop.
When life becomes unbalanced, that’s when problems tend to occur. “People in the workplace can experience unbalanced lives through working too much. Lots of people have heard that phrase ‘workaholic’. People can become addicted to pretty much anything,” says Charlie.
Concerned about a colleague? Here are some things to look out for:
Natalie Nelson, Technical Advice Lead at Mentor, notes that addiction can affect people from all walks of life, so it’s important for managers to be mindful of the signs and to signpost the help that’s available. “Addiction can have serious consequences for both the individuals suffering and those around them.” she says. “If you are concerned about someone in a safety-critical role, you may need to consider moving them to another job while they obtain support.”
“The main thing the pandemic did was isolate everybody, and isolation leads to people wanting to alleviate boredom,” adds Charlie.
For example, between March 2020 and March 2021, surveys measuring self-reported alcohol consumption saw a 58.6% increase in the proportion of respondents drinking at increasing-risk and higher-risk levels (‘Monitoring alcohol consumption and harm during the COVID-19 pandemic’, Public Health England, July 2021).
As people have returned to their places of work and resumed routines, some are realising they may have developed a problem during the pandemic. For example, they may be drinking alcohol at different times of the day or night, during the week, not just weekends. They’re experiencing urges to drink alcohol, even though they are in work.
The cost of living crisis is also a trigger for many, says Charlie. People are really concerned about their financial situations. “You might think that would drive people to spend less, but it doesn’t. People feel the need to relieve stress and make themselves feel better. So they reach out to things like online gambling, substance use or alcohol.”
Some people might not know how to surface a conversation around addiction, even those with HR responsibilities.
When it comes to addiction, a common perception is that you can choose whether to use a substance or gamble. People with addiction can be perceived as difficult individuals, not contributing to society or work. The result is that society feels it doesn’t owe them much sympathy or empathy, says Charlie.
An important first step is to learn about addiction within the framework of people’s health and well-being. An employee with an addiction can be supported in the same way as if they were suffering from a physical illness.
The thing people often find the most difficult, when they have concerns around potentially addictive behaviour, is where to start. The SMART Recovery approach is simply to ask an open question in a non-judgemental way. “Is everything OK?” rather than “You look terrible; what’s wrong with you?”
“If something is telling you things don’t seem quite right, I always advise people not to feel nervous about it, just check in with them,” says Charlie. People may feel more comfortable opening up about an alcohol or shopping addiction than discussing their use of illicit substances. Even then, that shouldn’t stop them being signposted to help and support.
According to a 2018 report by UK Addiction Treatment Centres, addiction can lead to:
The Hidden Cost of Substance Abuse in the UK also found that:
Rather than instantly dismissing the person you’re concerned about, though, consider ways to get them the help they need. SMART Recovery has training programmes and short online courses for professionals, while many organisations offer general support. The mental health charity Mind, for example, has a list of useful contacts here.
“It’s horrible to have an addiction,” says Charlie. “And it can be a daunting prospect to surface a conversation about it. But by offering signposting to support, having a recovery champion or addiction programme embedded in the business, and a trusted, non-judgemental environment that encourages people to act and get better, you’re doing a good job.”
Please note, Mentor services incur a cost.